The term obesity means having an excessive amount of body fat which causes numerous diseases and eventually can pose as a life risk by giving birth to various diseases. Obesity can affect negatively women’s health during pregnancy as well as that of the baby. If a person’s BMR is thirty and higher, that person is considered to be obese. Hormonal imbalances are triggered by obesity that in turn causes irregular menstruation cycle and problem in the ovulation process. Women whose BMR is thirty and higher are less likely to conceive successfully than women whose BMR is within the healthy range.
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Even after an obese woman conceives the various risks of pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, diabetes, and premature birth and other related complications always loom large.
GENERAL RISKS OF OBESE PREGNANCY
An obese and overweight mother may have to face various complications during pregnancy. They are as follows among many others:
THREAT OF INFECTION:
- Obese mothers are at a higher risk of contracting urinary tract infection during pregnancy.
- The risk of postpartum infection is also increased by obesity.
- How the baby is delivered does not mitigate the risk factors of this infection.
LABOUR PROBLEMS INCREASED:
- Labor induction is more likely to affect obese women.
- An epidural block or similar types of pain medication cannot work as effectively on obese women as the functions of these types of medication are interfered with by obesity.
OBESITY INCREASING THE HAZARDS OF C-SECTION:
- The possibilities of an emergency C-section are increased by obesity, if the mother is obese, even after a successful C-section the threats are not over yet because obesity can lead up to a higher likelihood of post-delivery complications such as wound infections.
- Overweight women stand a lesser chance to have a successful vaginal delivery after a C-section (VBAC).
RISK FACTORS OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES:
- Obese mothers are more likely to suffer from a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy, namely gestational diabetes than mothers who maintain healthy body weight and BMR.
LIKELIHOOD OF PREECLAMPSIA:
- An obese pregnancy may cause an expecting mother to develop pregnancy-related complication which is recognized by the symptoms of high blood pressure and signs of critical damage to other physiological systems, often the kidneys (preeclampsia).
THREAT TO THE BABY’S HEALTH:
- Overweight and obese mother is more likely to give birth to a baby with birth defects than a healthy mother with normal body weight and BMR.
- Besides, if you are an obese mother, your child is more prone to develop heart disease and diabetes as an adult. Furthermore, an obese mother has a greater chance of giving birth to a baby who has more body fat and is larger than average.
- This condition is called MACROSOMIA. This can increase the risks of childhood obesity in the baby when it will grow up.
- This threats to continue the vicious cycle of obesity from mother to child.
So obesity during pregnancy can cause a whole lot of problems for both the mother and the child.